3D has become one of the most dynamic and path breaking achievements of the decade. Films, games, applications, utilities, software scripts, products etc, all have an element of 3D. In scientific terms, a three-dimensional space is a geometric 3-parameters model of the physical universe in which we exist. These three dimensions are commonly called length, width, and depth (or height).
3D originated from the very basic theory of elementary geometry, called polyhedron (or polytopes). Polyhedron is a geometric solid in three dimensions with flat faces and straight edges. So in regard to three dimensions, the theory signifies that there are nine regular polytopes: five convex and four nonconvex.
In the world of 3D computer graphics, geometric data is stored in computer software for three-dimensional representation. 3D computer graphics are often referred to as 3D models and rely on many of the same algorithms as 2D computer vector graphics in the wire-frame model.
With so many 3D computer applications, scripts, tools, plugins, platforms, engines, and packages available it is sometimes overwhelming for an aspiring 3D artist to decide where to start from. Here is a list of the top 5 most widely used applications:
3D Max: One of most widely used 3D applications by professionals, and students. 3D Max is more popularly known as “Autodesk 3ds Max”. Autodesk offers a ton of programs for 3D modeling, animation, and special effects, but 3ds Max is by far the best application for someone who is learning 3D, and wants to take it into a profession.
Maya: “Autodesk Maya” is another award winning application that is used in all kinds post production studios across the world, and is easily one of the most professional, and versatile 3D platforms available.
Cinema 4D: “Maxon Cinema 4D”, is one of the most user friendly 3D applications available. You can choose from an array of different editions and bundles. Whether it is post production, architectural visualization, or even engineering, the different bundles have different modules to fit your every need.
Lightwave: “NewTek Lightwave” is another high-end 3D platform that has a steep learning curve, but is used quite widely in the post production world. It is a complete modeling, animation, and rendering package, that provides full functionality for your imagination.
Softimage: “Autodesk Softimage” (formerly Avid Softimage XSI) is a node-based visual effects platform, which is used for everything from games to movies, and even in television post production.
Apart from the above, there are many other 3D applications and utilities available online. Depending on your need and interest, you can learn, experiment and implement any 3D tool or utility for your project.
3D as a theory or phenomenon is constantly evolving. With the coming of virtual reality and augmented theory, there will be a time when all human life will easily understand and talk the “language” of 3D.